Magic Material

Imagine being able to roll up your touchpad like a paper and, put it in your pocket.

Imagine an aircraft that is lighter than its passengers and fuel, but at the same time, stronger than aircraft today.

Imagine a material that is almost invisible but 200 times stronger than the strongest steel, and unbelievably this material promises to give you wings.

Can you believe that carbon has been in our lives and this universe since the Big Bang but graphene only recently recognised?  Less than 10 years ago graphene was put under the spotlight by A. Geim and K. Novoselov from the University of Manchester, who have since been honoured with the Nobel prize in physics in 2010.

Graphene is fundamentally a honeycomb pattern of carbon, with a carbon-carbon distance of less than 0.15 nm, and only a single atom thick. Professor  Novoselov said that graphene has “hundreds of properties which are unique or superior to other materials. Because it is only one atom thick it is quite transparent — not many materials that can conduct electricity are transparent.”

There are numerous potential applications for graphene, such as transistor technology, aircraft production, prosthetics and artificial organs, lithium-ion batteries, capacitors, stronger materials, and much, much more. IBM researchers are currently working on replacing silicon-based technology with graphene. To increase computer speeds, we need to move away from silicon-based transistor technology; herein graphene is 4 times faster than silicon. The possibilities for your phone, touchpad, and computer are endless.

The properties of graphene, such as strength, weight, flexibility, and high conductivity, provide wide application options. Even brain signals could be turned into movement because of the high electric conductance of graphene.

From increasing computer speed to making almost invisible materials, graphene will leave its mark on history with its unique and undiscovered properties. Now be ready and grab a helmet because today’s technology will get faster.

Dogan Kaya

“Samsung flexible AMOLED phone” by Source (WP:NFCC#4). Licensed under Fair use via Wikipedia

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